A Muslim believes in the Divine Decree and Predestination. They believe that Allah has recorded their sustenance when the soul was first breathed into them in their mothers' wombs and that this sustenance will surely come to them. It is reported on the authority of
`Abdullah ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stated,
"Indeed, humans are formed in the wombs of their mothers..." up till "Then Allah sends an angel who is ordered to record four things. He is ordered to record their (i.e. the new creature's) deeds, their term of life (in this world), their sustenance and whether they will be miserable or happy..."
It is also related on the authority of
Jabir ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with them both) who narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
"O people! Fear Allah and be reasonable in seeking sustenance, for none will die before receiving their full sustenance, even if it is late. So, fear Allah and be reasonable in seeking sustenance. Take that which is lawful and abstain from that which is unlawful."
Ibn Majah in his "Sunan" book of Hadith, vol. 2, p. 725; and by
Ibn Hibban in his "Sahih").This belief does not contradict a Muslim's seeking (Part No. 2; Page No. 507) livelihood and adopting the lawful means in their quest. However, a Muslim should not fully depend on them, but should sincerely believe that Allah Alone is the Provider of sustenance, Bestower of benefits and Protector from harm (Glorified be He).People who claim they are securing their future and the future of their children are exceeding the proper limits by depending on themselves, their positions, and on the material world.It is the duty of a Muslim to abstain from making these statements that negate their full reliance on Allah, hope from Him, and fear of Him. A Muslim should turn to Allah and supplicate to Him during adversity as well as prosperity, while adopting the lawful means of earning a living as the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) has commanded us.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.