Q 3: Allah (Exalted be He) states in Surah (Qur'anic chapter) Hud regarding the dwellers of Hell-fire:
They will dwell therein for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure, except as your Lord wills. Verily, your Lord is the Doer of whatsoever He intends (or wills).
He (Exalted be He) then followed the Ayah (Qur'anic verse) by mentioning the dwellers of Jannah (Paradise):
...abiding therein for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure, except as your Lord wills: a gift without an end.
(Part No. 2; Page No. 498) Would you please tell us what is meant by Allah's Will which is mentioned in the two Ayahs (Qur'anic verses)?
The phrase "as your Lord wills" in the two Ayahs does not mean that believers will not abide in Jannah forever, or that the Kafirs (disbelievers) will not abide in Hell-fire forever. However, the purpose of such a phrase is to confirm that the Will of Allah (Exalted be He) dominates in all cases without exception. This is why Allah (Exalted be He) concluded the first Ayah, which speaks about those who are wretched, stating:
Verily, your Lord is the Doer of whatsoever He intends (or wills).
It is noteworthy that
making Kafirs to abide eternally in Hell-fire and believers to abide eternally in Jannah is one example of Allah's doing whatsoever He wills. Thus, after mentioning the Will of Allah, He (Exalted be He) informs us regarding those who are blessed that they are given:
...a gift without an end.
i.e. continuous and never-ending.Another view is held to the effect that the phrase "as your Lord wills" is mentioned to signify that the disobedient amongst the believers in Tawhid (Oneness of Allah) will be taken from Hell-fire after entering it for sometime. They enter Hell-fire initially because they are wretched, but they are less evil than the Kafirs. However, those who are blessed will all have a lasting reward that will never end, and this is the meaning of eternity.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.