If one cannot afford to perform Hajj and is asked to perform Hajj on behalf of one who has passed away, or an old man while he himself has no money except for that of his client, should he perform Hajj on behalf of his client or for himself?
One is not permitted to perform Hajj on behalf of another person if he did not perform it for himself.
Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
"The Prophet (peace be upon him) heard a man saying: 'Labbayk (always ready to obey) on behalf of Shubrumah.' He asked: 'Have you performed Hajj on your own behalf?' He said:' No.' He said: 'Perform Hajj on your own behalf, then perform it on behalf of Shubrumah.'"
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.