Breaking Sawm in Ramadan for workers who are overtaxed by work
Q: I heard a Khatib (preacher) while delivering the Khutbah (sermon) on the second Friday of Ramadan saying that
workers who get extremely exhausted
because of the nature of their work, and they have no other source of income, are allowed to refrain from Sawm during Ramadan. Instead, they should feed a poor person for each day of Ramadan they do not fast on or equally pay fifteen Dirhams. This urged me to write this letter to you to ask if this Fatwa is substantiated by any authentic evidence from the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
It is not permissible for a Mukallaf to break their Sawm during the daytime in Ramadan under the pretext that they are workers. However, if they suffer from great hardship that may force them to break their Sawm during the daytime, they are permitted to break their Sawm but only up to the point of relieving the hardship. After that, they have to resume abstention from the invalidators of Sawm until sunset and break their Sawm at the time all Muslims break it. However, they have to make up for such a day later. Accordingly, the Fatwa you mentioned is incorrect.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.