Breaking an oath by the Mus-haf

Q 1: Someone needed a small sum of money which he borrowed from his cousin. He took an oath by the Mushaf (copy of the Qur'an) to repay the money on a certain day, but he broke it. (Part No. 23; Page No. 70) He could not afford to repay the money on time. He has not repaid the loan yet.

A: There is no blame on him for failing to repay the loan on time if he proves insolvent. Nevertheless, Kaffarah (expiation) for breaking the oath is required. The Kaffarah obligates him to feed ten Miskins (needy persons), or provide them with clothing, or emancipate a believing slave. If none of these is affordable, he must observe Sawm (Fast) for three days; and it is preferable to fast consecutively.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.