Using euthanasia to end suffering

A: It is Haram (prohibited) for a patient to hasten their death, whether by committing suicide or by taking medication to kill themselves. It is also Haram for a doctor, a nurse, or any other person to carry out the patient’s request, even if their disease is incurable. Anyone who assists in this shares in the sin, because they intentionally kill a human, whose life is protected by Shari‘ah (Islamic law), without a right. There are clear Nas (Islamic texts from the Qur’an or the Sunnah) prohibiting the killing of a human being without a right. Allah (Exalted be He) says: ...and kill not anyone whom Allâh has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islâmic law). (Part No. 25; Page No. 86) And: And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allâh is Most Merciful to you. And whoever commits that through aggression and injustice, We shall cast him into the Fire, and that is easy for Allâh. Also, it was authentically reported on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who kills themselves with a piece of iron (a weapon) will have that piece of iron in their hand and will be stabbing their stomach with it in the Fire of Hell forever, abiding eternally therein. Anyone who drinks poison and kills themselves will be drinking it in the Fire of Hell forever, abiding eternally therein. And anyone who throws themselves from (the top of) a mountain and kills themselves will be throwing themselves down in the Fire of Hell forever, abiding eternally therein. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)It was also related on the authority of Abu Qilabah from Thabit ibn Al-Dahhak (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who kills themselves with something will be punished with it on the Day of Resurrection. (Related by the Six Hadith Compilers: Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy, Al-Nasa’y, and Ibn Majah) Also, Jundub ibn ‘Abdullah Al-Bajaly (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Among the nations before you there was a man who got wounded, and growing impatient (with pain), (Part No. 25; Page No. 87) he took a knife and cut his hand with it. The blood did not stop until he died. Allah (Exalted be He) said, ‘My slave hastened to bring about his demise; I have forbidden Paradise for him.’ (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim; this is the wording of Al-Bukhari)Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade people to wish for death to put an end to their suffering. In a Hadith on the authority of Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), he reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: None of you should wish for death because of a calamity that has befallen them; but if it is unavoidable to do so, let them say, ‘O Allah, make me live as long as life is better for me and make me die if death is better for me.’ (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim; this is the wording of Al-Bukhari) Al-Bukhari reported this Hadith with different wording on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: None of you should wish for death. If they are a good-doer, perhaps they may increase in goodness, and if they are an evil-doer, perhaps they may repent. Since it is forbidden to merely wish or ask Allah for death, committing suicide or assisting in it is considered a violation of Allah’s Laws and a transgression of the sacred boundaries set by Allah. Doing this is inconsistent with being patient with what is decreed by Allah. (Part No. 25; Page No. 88) It challenges Allah’s Divine Decree and Predestination, and shows dissatisfaction with Allah’s Wisdom of testing His servants with evil and good as trial for them. Allah (Exalted be He) says: ...and We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good. Allah may try and afflict some of His servants with illness and He is the All-Wise in what He decrees and the All-Knowing of what is best for His servants, as this may bring goodness for the servant, increase their Hasanat (rewardable good deeds), the strength of their faith, and bring them closer to Allah (Glorified be He) through their resignation (to His Will), entreaties, submission, Tawakkul (putting one’s trust in Allah), and supplications to Him. If someone is afflicted with an illness, they should hope for Allah’s Reward and bear with patience their affliction. Showing patience over affliction can gain Allah’s Good Pleasure and increase heavenly reward and elevate the servant to a higher degree in the hereafter. This is supported by the Hadith reported from Suhayb (may Allah be pleased with him) in which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: I am amazed at the affairs of a believer. Their affairs are all good, and this only applies to a believer. If something good happens to them, they give thanks for it and this is good for them. And if something bad happens to them, they bear it with patience and this is also good for them. (Related by Imam Muslim in his Sahih and by Imam Ahmad in Al-Musnad; this is the wording of Imam Ahmad) Allah (Exalted be He) says: ...and As-Sabirûn [who patiently bear whatever may befall them (of calamities)] (Part No. 25; Page No. 89) He (Exalted be He) also says: ...but give glad tidings to As-Sâbirûn (the patient). Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! To Allâh we belong and truly, to Him we shall return." and: ...the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allâh has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allâh has forbidden) up to: Allâh has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise). Moreover, there is a Hadith on the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Verily, greatness of reward is commensurate with greatness of trial. Indeed, when Allah loves a people, He tries them (by affliction). Whoever is content (with Allah’s Decree) will win His Good Pleasure, and whoever is discontent (with Allah’s Decree) will earn His Wrath. (Related by Imam Al-Tirmidhy in Jami‘ Al-Tirmidhy; he ranked it as Hadith Hasan Gharib [a good Hadith that is strange to come from this chain of narration])It was also narrated by Mus‘ab ibn Sa‘d on the authority of his father (may Allah be pleased with them both) that he said: I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, which people are most sorely tested?' He (peace be upon him) said, 'The prophets, then those who are most similar to them, and then the next most similar. A person will be tested in accordance with their Din (faith). If their Din is solid, they will be tested severely. If their Din is flimsy, they will be tested in accordance with their Din. Calamity will keep troubling a servant until it leaves them to walk on the earth with no sins.' (Related by Al-Tirmidhy, who said that this Hadith is Hasan Sahih [a good authentic Hadith]) (Part No. 25; Page No. 90) It was also narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Adversity will continue afflicting the believing man and the believing woman in his (her) self, children, and property until he meets Allah sinless. (Related by Al-Tirmidhy) Accordingly, it is Haram for a person suffering from some kind of illness to seek to kill themselves, because a person’s life is not their own; rather, it is owned by Allah Who decreed fates and times of death. A person’s deeds come to an end by their death. Therefore, the life that a believer lives gives them hope of good. Perhaps they make Tawbah (repentance to Allah) of the sins they have committed and increase their good deeds, such as Salah (Prayer), Sawm (Fasting), Zakah (obligatory charity), Hajj, Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah), Du‘a’ (supplication) to Allah (Glorified be He), and so Allah elevates them to the highest ranks (of the righteous in Paradise). Moreover, a sick person continues to have rewards recorded for whatever good deeds they used to perform at the time they were healthy, as authentically reported in the Hadith Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish).Those doctors and others who agree with fulfilling the request of a sick person to kill themselves or assist them in this are committing a sin by allowing this. Their view is limited and it shows their ignorance. (Part No. 25; Page No. 91) They view human life and its continuation from the perspective of having animalistic power, authority, fun, and vanity. They do not see it as a life where servants can live connected to their Lord, taking provisions of good deeds (for the afterlife journey). Their hearts have mellowed, have felt humility and peace, and are supplicating to Allah (Exalted and Praised be He); a state that makes the servants the dearest and closest they can ever be to Allah, unlike those who act haughtily and oppressively, and use their animalistic power to commit what displeases Allah (Exalted be He). Moreover, Allah is Able to grant healing and what may seem impossible to people today may be treatable tomorrow, by the Power of Allah, for Whom nothing is impossible on this earth or in the heavens.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.