Q 3: My teacher says that
Adhan (call to Prayer) was ordained along with Salah (Prayer) on the occasion of Isra' (Night Journey) and Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven). Is this correct?
Adhan was ordained in
Al-Madinah after Hijrah (Prophet's migration). The foregoing is authentically reported in the Hadith of
`Umar ibn Al-Khattab and
`Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn `Abd-Rabbuh Al-Ansary (may Allah be pleased with them both). Accordingly, your teacher's saying that Adhan was ordained in the heavens along with Salah is a false claim that has no valid basis. (Part No. 5; Page No. 50) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.