Ruling on Adhan and Iqamah

Q: What is the ruling on announcing Adhan (call to Prayer) in non-Muslim countries? Should we announce Adhan in every place where we perform Salah? Does the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): "Allah was pleased with a man who guards sheep in a mountain path, and when it is time for prayer, he would make Adhan and Iqamah then offer the Salah" support the idea that Adhan is one of the acts of worship?

A: A Muslim is allowed to announce Adhan and Iqamah (call to start the Prayer) when the time of Salah is due whether he is in a Muslim or non-Muslim country, and whether or not he is on a journey. This is derived from the general saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Malik ibn Al-Huwayrith and his friends: "When the time for prayer is due, one of you should announce Adhan (call to Prayer) and the oldest among you should lead the prayers." There are many other Hadiths that point out the virtues of Adhan and command people to announce it.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.