is meant by the shade mentioned in the Hadith:
Seven (types of people) whom Allah will shade with His Shade on the Day when there is no shade but His.
(Part No. 2; Page No. 486
It is the shade of the `Arsh (Throne) of Allah, the Most Merciful (Blessed and Exalted be He). This explanation is based on the Hadith narrated by
Salman (may Allah be pleased with him) in the Sunan (Hadith compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of
Sa`id ibn Mansur that states:
Seven (types of people) whom Allah will shade with the Shade of His `Arsh...
ibn Hajar (may Allah be merciful to him) ranked its Isnad (chain of narration) as Hasan (contains a narrator with weak exactitude, but is free from eccentricity or blemish); Al-Fath vol. 2, p.144.Moreover, Al-Hafizh
ibn Rajab (may Allah be merciful to him) said while concluding his explanation for the concerned Hadith mentioned in Sahih
Al-Bukhari vol. 6, p. 51): Imam
Al-Tirmidhy related this Hadith which Al-Tirmidhy ranked as Sahih (authentic) on the authority of
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Anyone who gives respite to their debtor, or forgives the debt, will be in the shade of the `Arsh (of Allah) on the Day of Resurrection.
This Hadith is another proof that the Shade of Allah refers to the Shade of His `Arsh.Finally,
Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah be merciful to him) mentioned the same explanation in his book Al-Wabil Al-Sayyib and at the end of his book Rawdat Al-Muhibbin. (Part No. 2; Page No. 487) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.