The obligation of purifying oneself before reciting the Qur'an

Q 4: Yesterday we were discussing whether it is permissible for a person who is ritually impure to recite the Qur’an from memory or from books containing some Ayahs (Qur’anic verses). Allah (Glorified be He) says: Which (that Book with Allâh) none can touch but the purified. What is the ruling on this issue?


A: Any Muslim who wants to touch the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’an) should be pure from major or minor ritual impurity.Minor ritual impurity involves all acts that necessitate performing Wudu’ (ablution). Major ritual impurity involves all acts that necessitate performing Ghusl (ritual bath). This is based on the general ruling implied in the Ayah that says: Which (that Book with Allâh) none can touch but the purified. `Amr ibn Hazm also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: No one should touch the Qur’an except one who is pure. However, it is important to note that the person who is in a state of minor ritual impurity is allowed to recite the Qur’an from memory. (Part No. 4; Page No. 107) This is not the case with a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity). Such a person is not allowed to recite the Qur’an from memory or from the book.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

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