What is the meaning of the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him): (Part No. 2; Page No. 252)
I asked of my Lord, the Glorified and Exalted, three things; He granted me two, but refused me one. I asked my Lord not to destroy us by that with which He destroyed the nations before us and He granted me this; I asked my Lord, the Glorified and Exalted, not to make an enemy from outside us triumph over us, and He granted me this; and I asked my Lord not to cover us with confusion (make us break) into warring sects, but He refused me this.
This Hadith was reported by
Al-Tirmidhy who said: it is Hasan Sahih (good authentic Hadith). It was also reported by
Al-Nasa'y and this is the wording of Al-Nasa’y. It was also reported by
Muslim on the authority of
Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him).
The Hadith means that the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked three things of His Lord (Exalted be He) for his Ummah:
He asked his Lord not to destroy his Ummah (nation) with what He destroyed the past nations such as drowning, hurricanes, earthquakes, stones rained down from the sky and other forms of mighty punishments.
He asked his Lord not to allow an enemy from outside them to triumph over them and violate their community, land and authority.
He asked his Lord not to cover his Ummah with confusion in party strife; “Al-labs” is confusion and opinion divergence, “Shi‘a” is the plural of “Shi‘ah” which is a sect, party, group. The prophet (peace be upon him) informed that his Lord granted him the first two requests and did not grant him the third one for a wisdom that He (Blessed and Exalted be He) only knows.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.