The Hadith: 'My father and your father' and the Hadith of Dhikr upon entering the market

Q 3: What is the degree of authenticity of this Hadith: “A man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Where is my father?’ He replied, ‘In the Fire.” When he turned away, he (peace be upon him) called him back and said, ‘Truly, my father and your father are in the Fire.’” and this Hadith: “Anyone who enters the marketplace and says upon entering: ‘I testify that there is no god except Allah Alone and He has no partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise, and He is over all things Omnipotent,’ will have a million good deeds written for them” ?


A: The first Hadith is Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) and it was related by Muslim in his Sahih (Book of Authentic Hadith). As for the second Hadith, Ibn Al-Qayyim commented on it saying: "This Hadith is Ma‘lul (a Hadith that appears to be sound, but thorough research reveals a disparaging factor in the chain of narrators or the text) according to the leading Hadith scholars," and Ibn Abu Hatim said that he asked his father about it and he said: (Part No. 4; Page No. 421) "This Hadith is Munkar (rejected Hadith reported by a weak narrator whose narration conflicts with an authentic Hadith) and more than one of the eminent Hadith scholars ranked it as Da‘if (weak)."May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

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