The Battle of Tabuk

Q 1: Did the Muslims and the Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) duel in the Battle of Tabuk ?

A: No duel took place between the Muslims and the Romans in the Battle of Tabuk; the Prophet (peace be upon him) made a peace treaty with the King of Ayalah and the people of Jarba and Adhruh provided that they pay the Jizyah (poll tax required from non-Muslims living in an Islamic state), and a covenant was written to them in which he (peace be upon him) clarified their rights and their duties. (Part No. 4; Page No. 392) You can refer to what was reported by Ibn Kathir (may Allah be merciful to him) about this issue in the fifth volume of his book “Al-Bidayah wal-Nihayah”, in addition to what was recorded by the scholars of Sirah (the Prophet’s biography), in order to know this issue in detail.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.