Q: Please give us your Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) regarding
the correct way of Takbir (saying: "Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]") during Salah (Prayer).
Is it better that the Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) says the Takbir for the Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/ last unit of Prayer) in a prolonged distinctive tone of voice (Part No. 7; Page No. 19) so that the Ma'mums (people being led by an Imam in Prayer), especially the elderly, may know that he is sitting for Tashahhud? Some Imams pronounce Takbir in monotone voice; consequently, some of the Ma'mums praying close behind him may look to see whether he is standing or sitting. Others who pray in the far back rows - usually old people who use a walking stick - may stand up to see this, and thus disagree with the pace at which the Imam is praying when they find him not standing. Evidently, the prolonged tone of voice helps the Ma'mums know that the Imam is sitting for Tashahhud. Respected Shaykh, which is the correct course of action?
The basic ruling is that no distinction should be made in the tone of voice while saying Takbir in Salah. No Shar`y (Islamic legal) evidence has been reported to that effect. Takbir said during Salah is an act of `Ibadah (worship) which is based on Tawqif (a religious text and not personal opinion). Whoever claims that this distinction should be made is required to bring forth the evidence that may support such claim. However, there is nothing wrong if this distinction is made to avoid the occurrence of confusion during Salah mentioned in the question. This is based on the general principles of Shari`ah which encourage facilitating matters, removal of hardship and helping to do good.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions.