Tafsir of Surah Al-Hijr

A: Al-Sab‘-ul-Mathany mentioned in Allah’s saying: And indeed, We have bestowed upon you seven of Al-Mathâni (seven repeatedly recited Verses), (i.e. Sûrat Al-Fâtihah) and the Grand Qur’ân. Are Surah Al-Fatihah. It is reported by Al-Bukhari on the authority of Abu Sa‘id ibn Al-Mu‘alla that he said: I was praying in the Masjid when the Prophet (peace be upon him) called me. I did not go to him until I had finished Salah. When I went to him, he (peace be upon him) asked, 'What prevented you from coming to me?' I said, 'I was praying.' He (peace be upon him) said, 'Did Allah not say: Answer Allâh (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) calls you ' Then he (peace be upon him) said, 'Shall I tell you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before I leave the Masjid?' When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was about to leave the Masjid, I reminded him. He (peace be upon him) said, 'Al-Hamdu-Lillahi Rabbi-l-‘Alamin [i.e. All praise and thanks are Allâh’s, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn, and all that exists)]. It is Al-Sab‘-ul-Mathany and the Grand Qur’an which has been given to me.' May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.