Tafsir of Ayah 107 of Surah Al-Ma'idah

Q 3: What is the Tafsir (explanation/exegesis) of this Ayah (meanings of which are translated as), If then it gets known that these two had been guilty of sin until the part, ...for then indeed we should be of the wrong-doers. ? (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 107)


A: This Ayah is a completion of the previous one which deals with the ruling on a non-Muslim being a witness on a will during travel. The meaning of this Ayah is that if it becomes clear that the two custodians (witnesses) of a will were evidently found to have committed treachery or perjury, then two of the nearest rightful inheritors of the deceased should stand for witness in their place, and swear that their testimony that they have cheated is more truthful than the testimony that they have offered. Thus, a judgment is passed in favor of the heirs. You can refer to a detailed explanation in the books of Tafsir of Ibn Jarir, Al-Baghawy and Ibn Kathir (may Allah be merciful with all of them). (Part No. 4; Page No. 214)  Q 5: What is explanation of Allah’s Statement (meanings of which are translated as), And seek the means of approach to Him ? (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 35) A: Allah (Exalted be He) states (what means), O you who believe! Do your duty to Allâh and fear Him. And seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause (as much as you can), so that you may be successful. Allah orders the believers to have Taqwa (fear/wariness of offending Allah), and seek the means of approach and nearness to Him through acts of obedience and Jihad (striving in the Cause of Allah) against the Kafirs (disbelievers) so as to raise high the Word of Allah, in the hope of winning Paradise. Al-Khazin (may Allah be merciful to him) states in his Tafsir: Obligations are confined to two types, with no third: abandoning what is prohibited, which is referred to in Allah’s Statement, Do your duty to Allâh and fear Him. And drawing near to Allah through acts of obedience, which is referred to in Allah’s Statement, And seek the means of approach to Him Wasilah is derived from "Wasl" which is to seek to draw closer to and approach. It is also said that Wasilah denotes love, and accordingly means to seek the love of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). Thus, it is clear that what is meant by Allah’s Statement, And seek the means of approach to Him is drawing close to Allah through the acts of obedience He has legislated for us, such as Salah (Prayer), Sawm (fasting), Sadaqah (voluntary charity), forms of Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah) and so on.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

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