A person swore that he will kill his son saying, "By Allah, I will kill him." What is the Kaffarah (expiation) (Part No. 23; Page No. 141) for this oath?
Swearing to commit a sin, such as unjust killing of an innocent soul, is Haram (prohibited). The person who has taken such an oath should make Tawbah (repentance to Allah), seek Allah's Forgiveness, and refrain from doing what he has sworn to do. Furthermore, he must offer Kaffarah for an oath, which involves feeding ten Miskins (needy persons) the average meal that he feeds his family by giving each one of them half a Sa` (1 Sa`=3 kg. Approx.) from the staple food, whether it is dates or whatever. If this is unaffordable, he must provide them with clothing or emancipate a believing slave. If none of these is affordable, he must observe Sawm (Fast) for three days and it is preferable to fast them consecutively.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.