Selling the skins of Ud-hiyah and giving the price to the poor

Fatwa no. ( 16411 ) All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets. To proceed:The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' has gone through what has come to His Eminence, the Grand Mufty, from the questioner, Chairman of the Unit of Publication in the Islamic Foundation in Kelantan, Malaysia / Luqman ibn Al-Hajj `Abdul-Latif ibn Sulayman through the General Manager of Overseas Da'wah by proxy and which was transferred to the Committee by the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars under no. 5836, dated 10/11/1413 A.H. The Fatwa inquirer asked a question which reads:It gives me pleasure to explain to Your Eminence our problem about the permissibility of (Part No. 10; Page No. 444) a person, who offers an Ud-hiyah, to give the skins of the Ud-hiyahas (sacrificial animals offered by non-pilgrims) as Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or a gift to any committee or charitable organization in each circle which will benefit from it in the sense that it will benefit from their price through selling them to a Muslim merchant of skins. The benefit of the price of these skins will include, for example, establishing Prayer rooms and mosques, schools of Qur'an, Islamic Nurseries, paying the allowances of the servants of the mosques, buying carpets or cleaning tools, making fences around the cemeteries or on other charitable activities which will benefit the Muslim public in the districts of these people who offered the Ud-hiyah.I read in the book entitled Al-Targhib Wal-Tarhib min Al-Hadith Al-Sharif, or Attraction and Deterring in the Noble Hadiths) a Hadith on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: If anyone sells the skin of the Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), there is no Ud-hiyah (accepted) from them. Narrated by Al-Hakim who said: Its Isnad (chain of narrators) is Sahih (authentic). Al-Hafizh said: Its Isnad includes `Abdullah ibn `Ayash Al-Qabbany Al-Misry whose reliability is disagreed upon. More Hadiths from the Prophet (peace be upon him) include the prohibition of selling the skin of an Ud-hiyah. In the margin, there is an explanation for the meaning of (there is no Ud-hiyah (accepted) from them) which is that they will not receive its reward. (The Book of Al-Kamil, vol. 2, p. 156. Edition of Dar Ihya' Al-Turath Al-`Araby - Beirut. The question is that people who offer an Ud-hiyah do not sell the skins directly but they give them all as Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or a gift to the representatives of this Islamic organization or committee. Thus, these skins become the property of this organization. It is known that those who receive the meat of the Ud-hiyahs may be from among the rich, poor or needy (Part No. 10; Page No. 445) as long as they are Muslims and are single people. As for such committees or organizations, they are not people but they are juristic or representative people, they represent the Muslims of the area.The skins of an Ud-hiyah may be buried and thus no benefit will be derived from them in our circles nowadays. We are of the view that Muslims should not waste them completely. We also opine that it is preferable for the authorities to take systematic, organized and reforming steps to build a factory of skins in every Islamic country. On the basis of this Islamic principle which includes the skins not only in the Prophetic Hadith but also in the Glorious Qur'an, I ask Your Eminence, most kindly, to reply and give us a Fatwa in this regard. May Allah reward you with the best for the Malaysian Muslims! In view of my unsuccessful attempt to find a solution to the problem in the collections of Fatwas, your hastening to give us a Fatwa will benefit us immediately before we receive `Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice) this year.I sincerely pray for Your Eminence. May Allah cherish and protect you! May Allah guide us, your Malaysian sons, with your instructions!

A: After studying the Fatwa request, the committee answered: If the skin of an Ud-hiyah was given to a poor person or his representative, it is permissible for him to sell it and benefit from its price. It is forbidden only for the person who offers the Ud-hiyah to sell its skin. It is also permissible for charitable organizations to sell (Part No. 10; Page No. 446) what they receive of the skins of Ud-hiyah and spend their price on the interests of the poor.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.