Reconciliation not according to the rulings of Islam
Q 3: Please,
what is the ruling on reconciling people to
resolve their disputes or prevent further bloodshed, but not according to the Qur'an and Sunnah?
It is not permissible to help bring about reconciliation among people when it will lead to committing forbidden acts or calling to apply man-made laws which go against the Book of Allah and Sunnah of His Messenger. Allah (Exalted be He) says,
And whosoever does not judge by what Allâh has revealed, such are the Kâfirûn (i.e. disbelievers of a lesser degree as they do not act on Allâh’s Laws).
A Muslim has to reconcile people in justice and encourage them kindly to follow the truth, avoid transgression, and pardon the offensive party. He may pay money to one or both sides to bring about reconciliation. For example, when he sees that paying money is more useful than (Part No. 1; Page No. 398) kind words, he may make payment from Zakah expenditures assigned to those in debt or from money other than Zakah to those sides or others. Anyone who reconciles people should fear Allah. It should be noted that fearing Allah is mentioned before the phrase "Adjust all matters of difference among you" due to its significance. Allah says,
So fear Allâh and adjust all matters of difference among you, and obey Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), if you are believers.
And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both.
Up to His saying,
Then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily, Allâh loves those who are the equitable.
The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islâmic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allâh, that you may receive mercy.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!