Prohibition of marrying more than four wives simultaneously
There is evidence in the Qur'an that a Muslim man is not allowed to marry more than four wives at a time. Why did the Messenger (peace be upon him) not abide by this, (Part No. 19; Page No. 174) by marrying more than four wives?
The Glorious Qur'an that permitted Muslims, who are sure they will be just to their wives, to marry up to four wives, and not more, is the same Book that permitted the Prophet (peace be upon him) to marry more than four wives at the same time. The two rulings are parts of Allah's Shari`ah (Islamic law) and are not based on inclination or sexual desires. Allah (Exalted be He) says:
O Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم)! Verily, We have made lawful to you your wives, to whom you have paid their Mahr (bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage), and those (slaves) whom your right hand possesses - whom Allâh has given to you
You (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may receive whom you will.
Then He (Exalted be He) says:
It is not lawful for you (to marry other) women after this, nor to change them for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, except those (slaves) whom your right hand possesses. And Allâh is Ever a Watcher over all things.
This is the law stipulated by Allah for His Messenger and the Muslim community in which all Muslims must believe. Anyone who believes in part of the Qur'an and disbelieves in another is in fact acting like the Jews. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.