Obligation of Jumu`ah Prayer and the minimum number required to hold a congregation

A: It is obligatory on Muslims to establish Jumu`ah Prayer in their villages and offering it in congregation is a prerequisite for its validity. There is no evidence in Shari`ah (Islamic law) stipulating a specific number for its validity. Three men or more are enough to offer Jumu`ah and it is not permissible for anyone upon whom it is obligatory to pray Zhuhr instead, claiming there are less than 40 people, according to the most authentic opinion of scholars.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.