Q 7: What is the ruling on
false medical certificates which a Muslim takes from a doctor and presents as a pretext for being absent from work?
The fact is that he submitted this certificate to take leave from work to visit his family
He who does not present such a document would have no excuse, and would be fired or would receive a salary reduction.
These certificates are Haram (prohibited), for this is lying and falsehood. Allah (Exalted be He) states:
So shun the abomination (worshipping) of idol, and shun lying speech (false statements)
The prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Should I inform you about the gravest major sins? They said: Yes, O Allah's Messenger! He said: To associate others in worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one's parents. The narrator said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) then sat up after he had been reclining (on a pillow) and said: And I warn you against giving a false statement or a false testimony. He kept on repeating that warning till we wished he would stop saying it.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.