Knowing Allah's Names

Q: We receive many questions regarding enumerating the Most beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah, especially those mentioned in the Hadith narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may (Part No. 2; Page No. 351) Allah be pleased with him) from Al-Walid ibn Muslim, `Abdul-`Aziz ibn Al-Husayn, and others. Are the following considered among His (Exalted be He) Names: Al-Abad (The Permanent), Al-Badi` (The Originator), Al-Baqy (The Everlasting), Al-Ba`ith (The Resurrector), Al-Bar (the Benign), Al-Burhan (The Proof), Al-Jalil (the Majestic), Al-Hannan (the Ever-Compassionate), Al-Da'im (the Everlasting), Al-Rafi` (The One Who promotes His Slaves), Al-Shadid (the Strong One), Al-Rashid (the Guide to the right path), Al-Sadiq (the Truthful), Al-Sabur (The Ever-Patient), Al-`Adl (the Just), Al-`Allam (the All-Knower), Al-Fatir (the Creator of the heavens and the earth), Al-Fard (the One), Al-Qadim (The Pre-existent One), Al-Kafy (The Sufficer), Al-Kafil (The One Who supports His Slaves), Al-Mughny (The Enricher), Al-Muhsy (The Reckoner), Al-Muntaqim (The Avenger), Al-Mubdi' (The Commencer), Al-Mu`id (The Restorer), Al-Mughith (The Sustainer), Al-Muhiy (The Life-Giver), Al-Mumit (The Death-Giver) , Al-Malik (The Owner of the Kingdom), Al-Mudabbir (The Arranger of Affairs), Al-Nur (The Light), Al-Waliy (The Lord), Al-Wafy (the Faithful One), Al-Waqy (The Protector), Al-Khafid (The Abaser), Al-Rafi` (The Exalter), Al-Mu`ty (The Giver), Al-Mani` (The Withholder), Al-Nafi` (The Benefiter), Al-Mu`iz (The Supreme Might Giver), Al-Mudhil (The Supreme Humiliator)? These Names are stated in may books, frequently stated and printed on cards for people to say after Salah (Prayer).I hope that Your Eminence will provide us with a clear answer regarding these Names. Is it permissible to name a person with the word `Abd (slave) followed by any of these Names like `Abd Al-Baqy, `Abd Al-Da'im, `Abd Al-Jalil, etc? May Allah reward you with the best.

A: All the Names of Allah are beautiful. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Truly, Allah has Ninety-nine Names; one hundred minus one. Whoever knows them all will be admitted into Paradise." i.e. whoever knows, understands, believes, and worships Allah according to them. There was no authentically reported Hadith to specify them. Therefore, they are taken from the Qur'an and the Hadith reported from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) because (Part No. 2; Page No. 352) these Names are Tawqifiy (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). They are not correct unless there is evidence from the Qur'an and the Sunnah.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.