The Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) forgot to say, "Sami‘a Allahu liman hamidah (Allah listens to those who praise Him)" and said instead, "Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest)." Should he perform Sujud-ul-Sahw (Prostration of Forgetfulness)?
I am sending you two books that I would like Your Eminence to give your opinion on.
Tasmi‘ (saying: "Sami‘a Allahu liman hamidah [Allah listens to those who praise Him]")," when standing after Ruku‘) is one of the obligatory actions of Salah (Prayer), because the Prophet (peace be upon him) always did it. If an Imam or someone offering Salah individually forgets to say it, then it is obligatory on them to perform Sujud-ul-Sahw to make up for what they missed.After reviewing the two sent books, "Al-Takhmisiyyah Al-Manzhumah li Asma’ Allah Al-Husna" and "Wasilat Al-Shafi", we would like to inform you that after studying the two mentioned books, the following is observed: (Part No. 2; Page No. 342) Firstly: "Al-Takhmisiyyah Al-Manzhumah li Asma’ Allah Al-Husna" is a delicate treatise in verse, but it includes brief expressions, innovated supplications, and forbidden generalizations. On page four, for example, there is the expression: "Taqdast Ya man tamam al-khalqu jahah [O You the Most Perfect, Whom the creation completed His Glory]," which contains a grave error by ascribing an imperfection to Allah (Exalted be He).On page six there is the statement: "Invoke the Most Generous and say: O He!" It suggests supplicating to Allah with the pronoun "He," which is not appropriate because it is not one of His Sublime Names. We should not call upon Allah using "He" because His Names (Praised and Exalted be He) are Tawqify (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion).On page twenty the author says: "By Your Generosity, O You Who removes distress quickly, and all the Prophets and the angels…" until page twenty-two, "…we beseech You in the name of them all for Your Generosity, which…."
It is not permissible to beseech Allah (make Tawassul) in the name of the creatures, or by virtue of their status, or their right, whether they are prophets, righteous people, or others, because this is a newly introduced matter into the Din (religion). And all newly introduced matters are Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and every Bid‘ah is Dalalah (deviation from right).There are also other similar things on pages five, eight, etc. (Part No. 2; Page No. 343) Therefore, it is not permissible for this book to be printed, published, or read, as it includes matters prohibited by the Shari‘ah (Islamic law), like the above-mentioned.Secondly: I have two comments concerning the book "Wasilat Al-Shafi" that is followed by Du‘a’ Khatm Al-Qur’an (supplication upon completing of one reading of the whole Qur’an) and Khutbat Al-Nikah (the sermon said on the occasion of marriage) by
Al-Nabhany: On page three there is the phrase: "I wish Muhammad was our guide," which is misleading, because Allah already sent him as our Prophet and Messenger.On pages fifteen and sixteen, there is this Du‘a’ (supplication): "O Allah! Forgive me and forgive Your erring and weak slave,
Yusuf ibn Isma‘il Al-Nabhany, the author of this book, and admit me and him into Jannah (Paradise) without prior punishment, and convey to his soul the reward of reciting Al-Fatihah." After reciting it, he says: "…". It is not legitimate to recite the Qur’an for the deceased and then gift the reward of its recitation to them, as there is no evidence for this. In addition, Al-Nabhany, who died in 1350 A.H., had many wrong beliefs and exaggerations about the Din, and his other books contain sayings entailing Bid‘ah and Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). Furthermore, scholars have warned against his writings and refuted them, among whom were
Mahmud Shukry Al-Alusy (may Allah be merciful to him) who wrote a book entitled "Ghayat Al-Amani fi Al-Rad ‘ala
Al-Nabhany (The Choicest Material of Refuting Al-Nabhany)". (Part No. 2; Page No. 344) Thus, Muslims should take precaution in their Din and should avoid these books and those like them, as they include many evil matters, such as Shirk, idolatry and attachment to the deceased. All these matters undermine the basis of the Din of Islam and its Tawhid (monotheism). As for what is mentioned at the end of it in Du‘a’ Khatm Al-Qur’an and Khutbat Al-Nikah, they also include many wrong beseeching, Bid‘ahs, and a Hadith Mawdu‘ (fabricated Hadith), which says: "Two Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) offered by a married man are better than seventy Rak‘ahs offered by an unmarried man." The Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) includes great good and general benefits, which can be sought in the books of reliable scholars.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.