Q 1: You have mentioned in a previous Fatwa that those who know about the message of Muhammad (Part No. 12; Page No. 252) (peace be upon him) from among
and do not believe in it are disbelievers. They have to be regarded as disbelievers concerning the rulings of this world and the Hereafter. Your eminence knows that there are many
Christians and followers of other religions who live in this Muslim state. Is their being existent in this Muslim state enough for them to know about Islam?
Being existent among Muslims requires being knowledgeable about Islam and the message of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Therefore, this rule applies to them. Allah (Exalted be He) says,
...this Qur’ân has been revealed to me that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,
By Him in whose Hand my soul is, every Jew or Christian of this Ummah (nation) who hears about me and dies unbelieving in me will be of the dwellers of Hellfire.