Q: All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets. To proceed:The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' has examined the question sent to His Eminence, the Grand Mufty, from his Eminence, the Manager of the Center of Da`wah and Guidance in Jeddah, which was referred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars under no. 516, dated 28 Muharram 1416. The questioner asked the following question:A new Imam came to our Masjid (mosque) in
and told us that he had a disease in the large intestine that causes him to have constipation and to pass wind. (Part No. 4; Page No. 256) For this reason, he
offers Wudu' (ablution) for every Salah after the start of its prescribed time, but sometimes when he leads congregational Salah, he
passes wind. He is certain of releasing gas either by its sound or smell. He asks the following: 1-Is his ignorance of the ruling on passing wind affects the ruling on his Salah, as he used to think that involuntary expulsion of wind does not affect his Taharah (ritual purification).2-What is the ruling on offering Salah behind that Imam who is sure of passing wind?3-Is he obliged to tell the Ma'mums (people being led by an Imam in Prayer) about the Salahs which he performed without being Tahir (ritually pure)? What is the ruling if he was unaware of the number of Salahs which he offered while being ritually impure? How should he tell people about this?4- Do you advise him to continue as an Imam for that Masjid, given that his disease is not related to gas incontinence; rather, it is just a temporary condition in which he cannot resist passing wind? I hope you will attend to this issue and provide us with the relevant answer.
After considering the Fatwa request, the Committee gave the following answer:If, as mentioned in the question, the person concerned does not pass wind continuously; rather, he only sometimes suffers from involuntary expulsion of gas, he must repeat Wudu' whether this happens during or outside Salah. This is because the state of Hadath (ritual impurity that invalidates ablution) he suffers from is not permanent. Furthermore, it is preferable for him not to lead people in Salah, because he may cause disturbance to the Ma'mums if this happens while leading them in congregational Salah. As for the past (Part No. 4; Page No. 257) Salahs that he offered while ignorant of the related ruling, we hope that Allah forgive him.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.