Having a car accident and some of the passengers dying as a result
It is obligatory for you to
offer the Kaffarah (expiation) because you neglected checking your car before driving. Allah (Exalted be He) says:
It is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake; and whosoever kills a believer by mistake, (it is ordained that) he must set free a believing slave and a compensation (blood-money, i.e. Diya) be given to the deceased’s family unless they remit it. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you and he was a believer, the freeing of a believing slave (is prescribed); and if he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, compensation (blood-money - Diya) must be paid to his family, and a believing slave must be freed. And whoso finds this (the penance of freeing a slave) beyond his means, he must fast for two consecutive months in order to seek repentance from Allâh. And Allâh is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.
(Part No. 21; Page No. 354) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.