Q: I built a reservoir about eight years ago to benefit those living in my house or anyone else too. I had a daughter who was around 5-year-old, who used to bring water for the family and others every now and then. It was Allah’s Divine Decree and Predestination that on 17/12/1401 A.H, when our daughter went to bring water to her family from the reservoir as usual - she was accustomed to go get water for her family at any time, it was something common to her that she always did, this was not unusual -
she fell in the reservoir and died
(may Allah be merciful to her). I hope that Your Eminence will give me a Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on my situation. Am I to blame for anything in regard to her, because I am the one who built the reservoir. What are the consequences that I have to bear because of what happened, for I fear Almighty Allah (Exalted be He)? Please give me a Fatwa on this, may Allah reward you.
If the case was as you mentioned regarding your situation and that of your daughter, there is no Diyah (blood money) due from you nor do you have to offer Kaffarah (expiation). Just because you built the reservoir does not constitute a reason for making you sinful or laying the blame on you for anything of this. (Part No. 21; Page No. 271) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.