Giving a part of the Zakah to a school for teaching the Ever-Glorious Qur'an
Q: In the "Islamic World" Magazine, there was a question which reads as follows: Is it permissible to give part of the Zakah (obligatory charity) to a school for teaching the Ever-Glorious Qur'an? Mr. (Part No. 8; Page No. 416)
Ahmad Muhammad Jamal,
professor of Tafsir (explanation/exegesis of the meanings of the Qur'an) at Umm Al-Qura University answered as follows: "Some early and contemporary Fuqaha' (Muslim jurists) are against giving any part of the Zakah to charitable foundations, for building a Masjid (mosque), or school for teaching the Ever-Glorious Qur'an, or charitable housing for the poor. They maintain that the seven categories of Zakah recipients, namely 'for Allâh’s Cause (i.e. for Mujahidûn - those fighting in a holy battle)' refers exclusively to Jihad (fighting/striving in the Cause of Allah), meaning fighting against the Kafirs (disbelievers) only." In conclusion, he added: "However, giving donations for building a Masjid, teaching the Ever-Glorious Qur'an, building charitable housing or a school for teaching Muslim children in some non-Muslim countries, and similar charitable deeds, is considered ‘for Allah's Cause’ and so it is permissible to pay part of the Zakah for it." End of quote.In Ma`arif Al-Qur'an, concerning the Tafsir of Surah (Qur'anic chapter) Al-Tawbah, in the fourth part by His Eminence Grand Mufty,
"The Jumhur (dominant majority of scholars) and the Four Imams (Abu Hanifah, Malik, Al-Shafi`y, and Ahmad) agreed that it is not permissible to give part of the Zakah to build Masjids, schools, hospitals, orphanages, etc." However, here in
there are Islamic societies which do not have the means to build a Masjid, school, or to pay the salaries of the Imams (the ones who lead congregational Prayer) of Masjids, for most of them are poor. We would like Your Eminence to clarify this for us as we are in doubt after hearing these opposing viewpoints; is it permissible to pay part of the Zakah for such purposes?
Paying Zakah for building Masjids, schools, etc. (Part No. 8; Page No. 417) Is not permissible, according to the Jumhur. Moreover, in the Tafsir of Allah's Saying:
...and for Allâh’s Cause
, some scholars are of the view that this is exclusive to the fighters in the Cause of Allah.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.