Masturbation during Ramadan

Q 1 : What is the ruling on one who masturbates? What is the ruling on one who masturbates during the month of Ramadan? What is the ruling on one who swears thrice (i.e. "by Allah, by Allah, by Allah") he would never commit this act again (i.e. Masturbation) but he did?

A1 : Masturbation (the secret habit) is not permissible. The person who committed it during the month of Ramadan is much more sinful and the crime is much graver than one who committed it during other times. It is obligatory on him to turn to Allah in repentance and seek His forgiveness. He also has to make up the day(s) when he broke his fast due to masturbation, if he ejaculated Maniy (spermatic fluid). As for the one who took an oath not to commit it again but committed it, such a person has broken his oath which requires one expiation since it is an oath on one thing. The expiation is freeing a bondsman, or feeding or clothing ten poor persons. If this is not possible, then one must fast for three days. The amount of food to be offered is five Sa`s (1 Sa` = 2.172 kg) of the staple food of the country; be it wheat, rice, or the like. Each of the ten poor persons should be given half a Sa`. As for clothes, a garment that suitably covers the body for performing Salah should be given to each one of the ten poor persons. (Part No. 10; Page No. 258) May Allah grant us success. May Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and Companions!