Q: What is the ruling regarding one who
offers the overdue `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer after the Imam (leader of congregational Salah) has announced the Adhan (call to Prayer) for the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer? Should one offer the `Asr Prayer first, or offer the Maghrib Prayer congregationally then perform the `Asr Prayer later?
That person should offer the `Asr Prayer first and then the Maghrib Prayer, as offering Salah in order is a Wajib (obligatory). However, if they cannot offer the `Asr Prayer before the Maghrib Prayer, they should join the Maghrib Prayer with the intention of offering the `Asr Prayer. When the Imam (leader of congregational Prayer) finishes Salah, they must stand to offer the remaining Rak`ah. Thereafter, they should offer the Maghrib Prayer, as the proofs of Shari`ah indicate that the difference in intention between the Imam and the Ma'mum (a person being led by an Imam in Prayer) does not affect the validity of Salah.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.