Some people prevent their daughters from taking their shares in inheritance, for fear that their sons-in-law may take them. Is this lawful?
Allah (Exalted be He) determined the heirs and the shares of each person in Surah Al-Nisa'; daughters are among the heirs listed. Allah (Exalted be He) recommends giving each person their due right and ends the first Ayahs (Qur'anic verses) on inheritance, saying: (Part No. 16; Page No. 494)
These are the limits (set by) Allâh (or ordainments as regards laws of inheritance), and whosoever obeys Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) will be admitted to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise), to abide therein, and that will be the great success.
And whosoever disobeys Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and transgresses His limits, He will cast him into the Fire, to abide therein; and he shall have a disgraceful torment.
Allah says in the last Ayah of the Surah:
(Thus) does Allâh make clear to you (His Law) lest you go astray. And Allâh is the All-Knower of everything."
Hence, anyone who deprives a daughter or anyone else of the right granted to her by Allah (Exalted be He) without her consent and willingness has disobeyed Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) and is guilty of following his desires. Such people are obsessed with patriarchy and the pride and haughtiness of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance), and their abode will be the Fire if they do not repent and give the people their rights. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.