Blood during pregnancy is considered abnormal bleeding

Q: While my wife was in the second month of her pregnancy, drops of blood used to come out of her. The female doctor told her that this is normal. Thus, I had sexual intercourse with her. She offered Salah (Prayer) by performing Wudu' (ablution) for every Salah. When the discharge of blood increased, we visited another doctor who told us that it was a pseudocyesis that should be aborted. What is the ruling on the Salah she offered and (Part No. 4; Page No. 266) the sexual intercourse I referred to? What about visiting a male doctor instead of a female doctor bearing in mind that the most specialized doctors in this field are men? Does my wife fall under the same ruling as newly-delivered women? After the abortion operation, the blood continued flowing for thirty-eight days. She completed the forty days then performed Ghusl (full ritual bath) and made up for the Salah of two days? Is what she did right or not? How should she make up for the Salah she missed?

A: When a woman becomes sure of her pregnancy, the blood that comes out of her is considered abnormal bleeding that does not prevent her from offering Salah or having marital sexual intercourse. In addition, it is illegal to have an abortion unless the death of her fetus is confirmed. As for going to a male doctor for remedy instead of a female doctor, it is permissible if there is not a specialized female doctor in this field and there is a necessity for this. By the same token, if the miscarriage takes place before the embryo begins to take form, the subsequent bleeding is not considered postpartum blood that prevents offering Salah. Rather, this blood falls under the ruling of abnormal vaginal bleeding. It is worth mentioning that the earliest time that human features are discernible in an embryo is at eighty-one days.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.