A person reciting the Qur'an or carrying a Mus-haf after having performed Istijmar

Q 2: Is it permissible for someone who has performed Istijmar (cleansing the private parts with hard material after urination or defecation) after using the toilet to recite or hold the Qur'an, as happens in schools when there is no water. In such a case, after leaving the toilet, the teacher starts the Qur’an class. Is it sufficient for a teacher to perform Istijmar or is it necessary to perform Wudu’ (ablution), even if it is difficult to do so?

A: It is permissible for a person who performs Istijmar without having performed Wudu’ after it to recite the Qur’an as long as they are not Junub (in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity), whether students or teachers. Nevertheless, their reciting the Qur'an while in a state of Wudu’ is preferable. Touching the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’an) is not permissible except for a person who is purified from both major Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates full bath) and minor Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates ablution), according to the opinion of Jumhur (dominant majority of scholars). They deduced it from Allah’s saying: Which (that Book with Allâh) none can touch but the purified. They have also based this ruling on the letter that was sent by the Prophet (peace be upon him) to `Amr ibn Hazm in which he said: No one should touch the Qur’an except one who is pure. However, it is permissible to carry it on a hanger, as this is not counted as touching. This opinion is adopted by the Hanbalys (followers of the juristic school of Ahmad ibn Hanbal), Abu Hanifah, Al-Hasan Al-Basry, and others. If someone, who is in a state of major or minor impurity, needs to touch the Qur’an and there is no water available for Taharah (ritual purification), they are permitted to perform Tayammum (dry ablution) and touch it.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.