Zakah is due on grapes

Q 1: If the evaluator overestimates a farm e.g. Suggesting twenty thousand Sa` (1 Sa`=3 kg. Approx.) as an expected production, which is higher than the actual production, to help the farmer, but (Part No. 9; Page No. 232) the actual net weight is seven thousand or less, then how is Zakah due in this regard? Is it required according to the estimation process or the net weight after the harvest? What is the ruling concerning the financial aid provided to the farmer? Is it lawfully permissible, or not?

A: It is not permissible for the estimator to deliberately overvalue the expected production amount, otherwise he is regarded as sinful. Furthermore, if it is proved that the net production of the harvest is less than the estimation, then the farmer is only permitted to take what is lawfully his in terms of help, the addition over the net production. He should inform the entity concerned to correct the wrong estimation, so that the farmer pays Zakah only on the net harvest. However, if he essentially does not know that, then the basic rule is the acceptance of the ratio of estimation done by the expert as a basis for providing help and paying Zakah on the cultivated land.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.