Q 1: I have a relative who conducts commercial transactions with some nomads and farmers. They do not pay him his rights for long periods of time that may exceed five years, and when he claims his dues, they apologize for not having the money available. They are now offering to give him a truckload of wheat after yielding the crop for him to deliver it to the silos in his name. He owns a farm and has a register at the Local Grain Silos and Flour Mills Organization through which the organization receives what he delivers to them, afterwards he would receive the value of the wheat from the organization after deducting the due amount of Zakah and transportation costs. If the sum received exceeds the due amount of money, the debt owner shall return the residual amount to the farmer. Is this permissible? It should be mentioned that what prevents the indebted person (the farmer)
from delivering the wheat to the organization in his name
then taking the money and paying it to the debt owner is that he has due installments that should be fulfilled to the Agricultural Bank and the Real Estate Development fund. If the farmer delivers the wheat in his name, he will not receive anything (because of the debts he owes), or he may receive some money, but the debt owner does not guarantee to take his money back in this case. Please respond, may Allah grant you success.
If the matter is as mentioned, it is impermissible to do this, for this is considered an act of disobedience to the ruler whom Allah has commanded to obey.
Q 2: I am a farmer and I have a register at the Grain Silos and Flour Mills Organization (Part No. 23; Page No. 462) which includes the amount stipulated by the organization for me this year, based on the yield of the farm last year. However, this year, I have not planted anything,
and a friend or a neighbor of mine has asked to take my register number and use it in supplying my stipulated amount to the silos in view of the abundance of his yield
which exceeds the amount stipulated for him. Also, because of the promptness in receiving the money, as the lesser the quantity is, the faster the receipt of money will be. What is Your Honor's opinion on this?
It is impermissible for you to give your register number to your neighbor or friend to deliver the wheat in your name, for this involves lying and disobedience to the ruler.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.