Q 2: What is the ruling on
using cologne and alcohol for medical purposes
like cleaning and disinfecting wounds? What is the ruling on beer? Also, what is your opinion on
drinking beer labeled as alcohol-free?
There is no harm in using cologne and alcohol for medical purposes such as cleaning and disinfecting wounds. As for beer, if it even includes a small percentage of alcohol, which causes intoxication in large amounts, it is not permissible to drink. However, if it is alcohol-free, then the basic ruling is permissibility. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.