Q 1: What is your opinion concerning the following Hadith, and what is its degree of authenticity? Is it eligible to be taken as evidence by anyone who adheres to acting according to it? The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
Anyone who says thrice when they wake up,
He is Allâh, beside Whom Lâ ilâha illâ Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
He is Allâh beside Whom Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allâh! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.
He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
Allah will make seventy thousand angels ask forgiveness for them until the night; and if they die that day, they would be a martyr.
(Part No. 3; Page No. 228
Al-Shawkany said in "Tuhfat Al-Dhakirin" that the Hadith was related by
Al-Tirmidhy who ranked it as Hadith Hasan Gharib (a good Hadith that is strange to come from this chain of narration) and commented that he knew of it only through this narrator. The Hadith was also related by
Al-Nawawy commented that its Sanad (chain of narrators) was Da`if (weak). Also, this Hadith was related by
Imam Ahmad in his Musnad.Its Sanad is Da`if, as said by
Al-Nawawy, because it includes
Khalid ibn Tahman who was afflicted with impaired memory in his old age. The Sanad of the Hadith also includes
Nafi` ibn Abu Nafi` and many scholars were confused concerning his true identity, but it was said that he was
Nafi` Al-A`ma who was classified as Matruk (a narrator whose Hadith transmission was discarded due to unreliability) in "Al-Taqrib".May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.