The Hadith: 'Allah loves the chaste poor man...' and others

Q 4: Please inform us of the degree of authenticity of the following Hadith:A - Allah loves the chaste poor man who strives to maintain his children .B - Allah loves the chaste who abstains from begging people and hates the vulgar, importunate beggar .C - Richness does not lie in having many possessions, but true richness is contentment of the soul .D - Whoever has married has fulfilled half of his religion; therefore, let him fear Allah regarding the other half .E - Verily, a glance (at unlawful things) is one of the poisoned arrows of Iblis (Satan); whoever refrains from it out of fear of Allah (Exalted be He), He will bestow upon him belief whose sweetness he will find in his heart .


A: Hadith no. (A): Related by Ibn Majah on the authority of `Imran ibn Al-Husayn from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the following wording: Allah loves His believing poor servant who abstains from begging people and strives to maintain his children . The Sanad (chain of narrators) of this Hadith includes Hammad ibn `Isa Al-Juhany concerning whom Al-Dhahaby said: "Scholars ranked him as a weak narrator." It also includes Musa ibn ‘Eid Al-Rundy concerning whom the same is declared by Al-Dhahaby in his book Al-Kashshaf, and in his book Al-Du‘afa’ Imam Ahmad is quoted to have said: "It is not valid to report on his authority." The Sanad of this Hadith also includes Al-Qasim ibn Mahran who never met `Imran ibn Al-Husayn Moreover, Al-Hafizh Al-‘Iraqy said concerning this Hadith: "Its Sanad is weak", Al-Sakhawy said: "But it has some corroborating reports" and Al-Suyuty indicated in his book Al-Jami‘ Al-Saghir that the Hadith is Hasan (a Hadith whose chain of narration contains a narrator with weak exactitude, but is free from eccentricity or blemish). (Part No. 4; Page No. 442)  Hadith no. (B): Related by Al-Bazzar on the authority of Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A servant (of Allah) will not have Iman (faith) until their neighbors are safe from their evils. And whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good (words) or else keep silent. Verily, Allah loves the one full of Haya (modesty, humility, chastity, purity, piety), the meek, the one who abstains from asking; and hates the vulgar, the dissolute, the importunate beggar. . Al-Haythamy said in Majma‘ Al-Zawa’id after quoting the Hadith: "Its Sanad includes Muhammad ibn Kathir who is a very weak narrator." Al-Haythamy mentioned the narration of Al-Tabarany for the same Hadith on the authority of Ibn Mas‘ud (may Allah be pleased with him), then he said: " Sawwar ibn Mus‘ab is included in its Sanad and he is a Matruk (a narrator whose Hadith transmission was discarded due to unreliability)." However, the first and second sentences of this Hadith are reported in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (i.e. Al-Bukhari and Muslim). Hadith no. (C): Related by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Al-Nasa'y, and Al-Tirmidhy on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) as a Hadith Marfu‘ (a Hadith narrated from the Prophet with a connected or disconnected chain of narration) in this wording: Richness is not in having many possessions, but true richness is contentment of the soul. Hadith no. (D): Related by Ibn Al-Jawzy in his book Al-‘Ilal on the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) as a Hadith Marfu‘ and he commented saying: "It is not authentic." The Hadith is also related by Al-Tabarany in his three Mu‘jams (Hadith compilations) on the authority of Anas as a Hadith Marfu‘ in this wording: Whoever marries has completed half of Iman and should fear Allah regarding the remaining half. Al-Hafizh Al-‘Iraqy said: "Its Sanad is weak". The same Hadith is related by Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak on the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) in this wording: Whoever Allah blesses with a righteous wife, He has helped him fulfill half of his religion, so let him fear Allah regarding the remaining half. Al-Suyuty indicated in his book Al-Jami‘ Al-Saghir that it is a Hadith Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish). (Part No. 4; Page No. 443)  Hadith no. (E): Related by Al-Tabarany according to his Sanad on the authority of `Abdullah ibn Mas`ud, (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Verily, a glance (at unlawful things) is one of the poisoned arrows of Iblis (Satan); whoever refrains from it out of fear of Me, I will replace it for him with belief whose sweetness he will find in his heart. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

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