The Ayah: 'Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion'
Q 2: Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states:
Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.
We are ordered in many Ayahs (Qur'anic verses) like Ayah no. 4 in Surah Al-Mumtahanah not to show affection to Kafirs (disbelievers). Moreover, showing opposition to Kafirs falls under hatred for the Sake of Allah and disassociation from Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) and those who practice it. We ask you, may Allah confer His Mercy on you, (Part No. 3; Page No. 179) to elaborate on what is intended by the words Qist and Birr (dealing justly and kindly) mentioned in Ayah no. 8 of Surah Al-Mumtahanah and the proper way to apply the intended meaning of the Ayah, while resenting and disassociating ourselves from Kafirs.
It is obligatory to show opposition to disbelievers for they are the enemies of Allah, His Messenger and the Muslims. Allah (Exalted be He) says:
O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists) as friends
You (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) will not find any people who believe in Allâh and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), even though they were their fathers or their sons
Dealing justly and kindly with them is conditional on their not being hostile to Muslims, driving them out of their homes, or helping to drive them out. In this case, it is considered a form of reward and returning good with good and not love and affection towards them.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.