Q 2: My mother
threw two newborn kittens in a deserted place where they died.
Is she considered a sinner or not?
Your mother should perform Tawbah (repentance to Allah) and Istighfar (seeking forgiveness from Allah) as she caused the death of the kittens. She should not do it again.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.