Tafsir of Ayahs 14 and 15 of Surah Al-A`la

Q 2: What is the Tafsir (explanation/exegesis) of Allah’s saying in Surah Al-A‘la (the meanings of which are translated as): Indeed whosoever purifies himself (by avoiding polytheism and accepting Islâmic Monotheism) shall achieve success, And remembers (glorifies) the Name of his Lord (worships none but Allâh), and prays (five compulsory prayers and Nawâfil - additional prayers). ?


A: Indeed they shall win Jannah (Paradise) and the Good Pleasure of Allah (Exalted be He) those who purify themselves from Kufr (disbelief), all other sins, and evil morals through belief in Islamic Shari‘ah (Law) and doing acts of obedience, which generally include paying Zakah (obligatory charity) and maintaining ties of kinship, in addition to giving in charity, spending money in good charitable causes. (Part No. 4; Page No. 342) They remain mindful of the Name of Allah, the Lord and the Bestower of Bounties, mentioning Allah’s Name and making Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah) with the utmost veneration, glorification, fear, and full acknowledgement of His Right. All of this leads a servant of Allah to offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers at their due times in congregation in one of the Houses of Allah (i.e. Mosques), the Two ‘Eid Prayers, and the rest of the Nafilahs (supererogatory) prayers. Moreover, since Allah (Exalted be He) has not specified certain acts in the Ayah (Qur’anic verse), this means that all the previously-mentioned acts of obedience and whatever is similar to them are included, although some acts take precedence over others. Thus, the Ayah is referring to a wide range of righteous acts since Allah (Exalted be He) mentions them generally.

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