Saying 'good luck', 'bad luck' and 'Praise be to Allah, the only One praised for an evil'
Q 1: I want to know the ruling on the following frequently said phrases:1. Bad luck and good luck.2. All praise be to Allah, besides Whom no other can be praised for something bad.3. I seek refuge with Allah from the evil of whoever has evil.
(Part No. 26; Page No. 367
It is Haram (prohibited)
to use the expressions: (luckily/fortunately) and (unluckily/unfortunately), because they are attributing the occurrence of good or adverse events to luck (fortune), which has no control over anything and is not the cause for good or ill fate. Allah (Exalted be He) says:
Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment.
If the sayer of this thinks that such fortunes act by themselves, without the intervention of Allah, this is major Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). However, if they think that everything is subject to Allah’s Decree Alone and they have only verbally said it, then it falls under polytheistic words, which conflicts with the obligation to have perfect Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah). The basic ruling concerning this is the Hadith reported by
Muslim in his "Sahih (Book of Authentic Hadith)", that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,
“There is no ‘Adwa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allah), nor is there Hamah (pre-Islamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Naw’ (stars bringing rain), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during pre-Islamic time).”
Also, it was authentically reported in the two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
on the authority of
Zayd ibn Khalid Al-Juhany (may Allah be pleased with him), who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) led us in the Subh (Dawn) Prayer
at Al-Hudaybiyyah after a rainfall during the night. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) had finished praying, he faced the people and said, ‘Do you know what your Lord has said?’ They replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘Some of My slaves have entered the morning as Mu’min (believers) in Me and (others) as Kafirs (disbelievers). Those who said, ‘We had rain by the Bounty of Allah and His Mercy,’ are believers in Me and disbelievers in the stars; and those who said, ‘We had rain by such-and-such a star,’ are disbelievers in Me and believers in the stars.’”
Saying: "All praise be to Allah, besides Whom no other can be praised for something bad," is correct. There is nothing wrong in it. (Part No. 26; Page No. 368)
Saying: "I seek refuge with Allah from the evil of whoever has evil,'' is correct, as Isti‘adhah (seeking refuge with Allah from Satan) stated in the Qur’an and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) carry that meaning, such as the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He):
Say: "I seek refuge with (Allâh), the Lord of the daybreak,
"From the evil of what He has created,
It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him)
Used to seek refuge with Allah for
Al-Husayn (may Allah be pleased with them), saying, “I seek refuge for you two with Allah’s Perfect Words from every devil and poisonous pest, and from every evil (envious) eye.”
It was also authentically reported that
Jibril (Gabriel, peace be upon him) performed Ruqyah (reciting Qur’an and saying supplications over the sick seeking healing) for the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he was ill. He said, “In the name of Allah I perform Ruqyah for you, from everything that is harming you, from the evil of every soul or envious eye, may Allah heal you, in the name of Allah I perform Ruqyah for you.”
It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to say in Khutbat-ul-Hajah (prelude to a sermon or speech):
“We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our souls and from the wickedness of our deeds.”
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.