Q 1: What is the ruling on
the Diyah (blood money) paid to the heirs of the deceased?
It should be divided among the heirs of the deceased in the same way as the estate is divided among them.
(Part No. 21; Page No. 273)
Should I observe Sawm (Fasting) after paying the Diyah
and how many days should I fast? Should they be consecutive or not? Can I fast intermittently or feed poor people instead?
It is obligatory on you to offer Kaffarah (expiation) for involuntary manslaughter, which is freeing a believing slave. If you cannot find one, you have to observe Sawm for two consecutive months. You are not permitted to fast intermittently. It does not suffice to feed instead the poor as Kaffarah for involuntary manslaughter, as there is no proof of the legality of doing so for expiating involuntary manslaughter in the Book of Allah or the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him). And, indeed, your Lord is never forgetful.
Q 3: If
some drivers proportionately share the blame for an accident,
is this related to the previous questions?
If the responsibility for an accident is proportionately shared by some drivers, it is obligatory on each of them who were responsible for the death to pay their share of the Diyah (blood money) according to their level of responsibility. As for the Kaffarah, everyone who shared in the involuntary manslaughter, even if their share of the responsibility was small, has to offer it. But if someone was fully responsible, they should offer the Kaffarah alone and their relatives should pay the Diyah.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, his family, and Companions.