Ruling on naming one's firm Mu'assasat Al-Sahaby lil-Malabis Al-Jahizah
All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets. To proceed:The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' has examined the letter submitted to His Eminence, the Grand Mufty, by His Eminence, the Director of Da`wah and Guidance Centre
`Abdul-Muhsin ibn Muhammad Al-Banyan,
which was referred to the Committee by the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars no. 199 dated on 02/01/1419 A.H. The letter of His Eminence contained the Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) request submitted by
Rashid ibn Muhammad Al-Zahrany
in which he asks about the Shari`ah (Islamic law) ruling on naming his firm Mu'ssasat Al-Sahaby lil-Malabis Al-Jahizah [Al-Sahaby Firm for Ready-to-Wear Clothes]. The Fatwa request reads as follows:Your Eminence, I have a commercial firm which I called Mu'ssasat Al-Sahaby as per Commercial Registration Certificate, a copy of which is attached hereto. However, I was shocked by a man of the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (CPVPV) who prevented the car from selling in the city of
He objected to the firm's name and demanded that I change it on the pretext that it is prohibited to use the word Al-Sahaby (Companion of the Prophet) as a name of the firm. I tried to persuade him that the name is permissible and asked him to give me evidence that supports the prohibition; however, (Part No. 11; Page No. 45) he insisted and even threatened that if he saw the car once again, both the car and driver would be arrested. When I contacted the CPVPV in the Eastern Province, they asked for a Fatwa with regard to the firm's name. So, I submit my Fatwa request to Your Eminence, asking whether the firm's name is permissible or not. Kindly bear in mind that Al-Sahaby is my family name and that of my father,
Muhammad Ma`id Al-Zahrany,
who is known as Muhammad Al-Sahaby among his close relatives. He was named so after a shaykh who was a judge in the city of
nearly 65 years ago. I wish that Your Eminence could give me an authorized Fatwa to present it on demand. May Allah reward you with the best and safeguard you.
Having examined the Fatwa request, the Committee answered that there is nothing wrong with naming the abovementioned firm as Mu'ssasat Al-Sahaby.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.