Is it permissible during Salah (Prayer) to recite one Ayah (Qur'anic verse) with different standard modes of recitation?
For example, is it permissible to change the deverbative 'malik' (owner) in the Ayah:
The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)
into the past verb 'malaka' (owned)? What is the ruling if this is not permissible?
It is authentically established that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not recite any word of the Qur'an with two different modes of recitation during Salah. None of his Sahabah (Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all) or the Rightly Guided Caliphs is reported to have done this. This practice should be avoided as it constitutes a disapproved act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Besides, this practice opposes the Hadith in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it rejected.
In another narration, it is stated:
Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islam) will have it rejected.
Salah is, however, valid.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.