Q 1: What is your opinion regarding a group of inhabitants of the desert who gather to offer the Tarawih prayers (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadan) behind an illiterate Imam, whereas there are people among them who hold educational certificates but they do not allow them to lead them in Salah (prayer)? They are neighbors and their number ranges from five to ten people. Also, they perform Salat-ul-Istisqa' (Prayer for rain) in the desert behind this illiterate Imam. What is the ruling on this? May Allah reward you with the best!
(Part No. 6; Page No. 272
According to the Sunnah,
a well versed person in the Qur'an and one who knows the Fiqh of Salah (Prayer) is to be the Imam in Salah whether he can read and write or not. If there is no reciter or knowledgeable person, the best of the people present, in his Iman (Faith), is to lead the Salah. If all the attendants are at the same level of illiteracy, it is permissible for any of them to lead them in Salah. Allah (Exalted be He) says:
So keep your duty to Allâh and fear Him as much as you can
Moreover, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
If I give a command, do it as much as you can.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.