To offer `Aqiqah (sacrifice for a newborn) is a stressed Sunnah for the father when he receives a new baby even after he has passed away. 'Aqiqah is also a stressed Sunnah to be offered for a miscarried baby after the spirit has been breathed into it after four months of being in the womb because it is a human into which the spirit has been breathed and will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection. Therefore, 'Aqiqah has been Islamically permissible for him, according to the generality of the meaning of the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him):
‘Aqiqa is to be offered for a (newly born) boy, so slaughter (an animal) for him, and relieve him of his suffering.
Imam Ahmad and
Al-Bukhari and Ahl-ul-Sunan (authors of Hadith compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) on the authority of
Salman ibn `Amir and according to the generality of the meaning of the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him):
Every child is in pledge for his `Aqiqah (sacrifice for a newborn) (Part No. 10; Page No. 461) to be slaughtered for him on the seventh day and he should be shaved and named.
Also, in another narration:
Every child should have `Aqiqah (sacrifice for a newborn) to be sacrificed for him.
Imam Ahmad and Ahl-ul-Sunan (authors of Hadith compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) and has ben rated Sahih (authentic) by
Al-Tirmidhy and if
the father refused to offer 'Aqiqah for his child or the father passed away before offering 'Aqiqah for his child, it is a Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) for one of his relatives, including his brothers, mother or uncles and so on, to offer 'Aqiqah for him: two sheep for a baby boy and one for a baby girl. He will be highly rewarded by Allah (Exalted be He) for this action.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.