Q 2: What is the ruling on
missing the Takbirs (saying: "Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]") of the Janazah (Funeral) Prayer or of Salat-ul-`Eid (the Festival Prayer);
should one make up for them or complete his Salah (Prayer)?
If one catches up with the Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) in the Janazah Prayer after missing some of the Takbir, they should continue with the Imam and make up for the Takbir they have missed and then perform Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), considering the part they catch with the Imam as the start of their Prayer.
If one misses the extra Takbirs of Salat-ul-`Eid with the Imam, they are to catch up with the Imam and not make up for the extra Takbirs they have missed because they are Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) whose time has passed; however, if they miss an entire Rak`ah (unit of Prayer) with its Takbirs, they are to make up for it with its extra Takbirs.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.