Q 9: If a person misses an obligatory Salah (Prayer) due to circumstances beyond their control, is it permissible for them to offer it the following day?
If a person does not offer the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer and the time for the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer becomes due, should they join the congregational Maghrib Prayer or offer the `Asr Prayer first
then the Maghrib Prayer individually?
First, it has been authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Anyone who misses a Salah because of sleep or forgetfulness should offer it when they remember it; there is no Kaffarah (expiation) for it except this.
The apparent meaning of this Hadith designates the obligation of hastening to make up for the missed Salah. The due time for the Salah, which was not offered because of sleep or forgetfulness, is when it is remembered. Accordingly, it is not permissible to delay it more than that.Second, making up for the missed Salah should be done respectively, that is, if a person misses the `Asr (Part No. 5; Page No. 102) Prayer and the time for the Maghrib Prayer becomes due, they should offer the `Asr Prayer first and then the Maghrib Prayer. It is not permissible to offer the latter before the former, and so on.Third, if a person misses the `Asr Prayer and does not remember that until the prescribed time of the Maghrib Prayer is due, they could offer the `Asr Prayer, then offer the Maghrib Prayer in congregation. If it is not possible to offer the `Asr Prayer before the Iqamah (call to start the Prayer) of the Maghrib Prayer is pronounced, they can join the congregational Maghrib Prayer with the intention of offering the `Asr Prayer. In this case, when the Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) says Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer) for the Maghrib Prayer, they should stand up and offer the remaining fourth Rak`ah of the `Asr Prayer and then offer the Maghrib Prayer individually. It is to be noted that evidence derived from Shari`ah (Islamic law) have indicated that the difference between the intention of the Imam and that of the Ma'mum (a person being led by an Imam in Prayer) does not affect the validity of Salah.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.